Tortuguero National Park
Tortuguero National Park History
Tortuguero National Park was created in 1975. It is located in the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica, 80 km north from the city of Limon. One of the reasons of its creation was that this is one of the most important areas in the world for the nesting and hatching of sea turtles.
Tortuguero Flora and Fauna
In the Tortuguero National Park there is a very high biodiversity. We can find more than 400 species of trees and about 2.200 species of plants, due to the variety of habitats. Also in the Park there is a great diversity of fauna, which includes mammals in danger of extinction, such as the jaguar, the manigordo, and the danta (which is the biggest animal in the tropical jungles of America), the manatee, the tolomuco, the perezoso, and three species of monkeys. Besides, there are about 405 bird species, almost half of the total amount existing in Costa Rica, and more than the ones you can find in all the European territory, for example. This diversity is also found in amphibians, reptiles, fish and insects.
One of the main attractions of the Tortuguero National Park is the hatching of marine turtles. The four species that reproduce in the Caribbean sea and that arrive to hatch at the beaches of Tortuguero are: the gigantic baula turtle, the green turtle (second in size and the most abundant in the Park), the brown caguama, and the carey turtle, which is the smallest and it is considered to be in way of extinction because of its shell’s value, which is used in handcrafts.
The climate in Tortuguero is very humid and hot, with no dry season. Rain is abundant all year long, except for the month of March. The average temperature oscillates between 26ºC and 28ºC.
Services and Facilities around Tortuguero
Inside the Tortuguero National Park there are several information and control stalls; here the personnel of the park will help you any way you may need. Also, there are several natural tracks, channels and beaches where you can enjoy the Nature. Besides the Park there are the populations of Parismina and Tortuguero. In these places you can observe and get to know some traits of the Caribbean culture, as well as to have access to several services such as: food, telephone lines, stores, handcrafts, etc.
* Information extracted from the SINAC (Sistema Nacional de Areas de Conservación)
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